Human Growth and Development
Are you ready to see just how knowledgeable you are of Human Growth and Development? Take the following, 10-question quiz and find out. Click or tap on the answer bar to reveal the correct answer and explanation.
WarningThe following exam questions may or may not accurately reflect the CLEP exam content. We recommend using the official CollegeBoard practice test (linked below) for further review.
Question 1: Jean Piaget was known for what theory influencing the study of Human Growth and Development?
a) social interaction theory
b) cognitive development theory
c) behavioral theory
d) hierarchy of needs
A question like this comes from pure memorization of study material. You would have to be able to hand-pick a theorist from your brain and match him or her up to a noted theory of human development. Jean Piaget was one of the most influential theorists of his time, and his research behind cognitive development is still used to this day. He is responsible for coming up with the 4 stages of cognitive development: sensorimotor, pre-operational, concrete, and formal.
Question 2: From a research methods standpoint, what is true about the following statement?
Statement: “37 subjects participated in the study, which included intervention, pre- and post-intervention follow-ups over the next 10 years.”
a) This is a longitudinal study
b) This is a correlational study
c) This is a cross-sectional study
d) This refers to a qualitative case study
In this case, think “long”. A longitudinal study involves observation and experimentation of the same variables over an extended period of time. Some longitudinal studies can last decades depending on what researchers are trying to accomplish.
Question 3: According to Bronfenbrenner’s theory of ecological systems, which term best describes the family:
Get familiar with your Latin roots, but also know that this information may just be based solely on memory. Bronfenbrenner described a “microsystem” as an ecological system (institution or group) that immediately impacts a child’s development: family, religion, school, and peers.
Question 4: What is “concrete operation” according to cognitive development theories?
a) the development of sensorimotor skills in infancy
b) the ability to understand abstract thought
c) the ability to create basic friendships
d) the development of logical thought
Remember Jean Piaget? Look back at his 4 stages of cognitive development. If you think of “concrete” as immovable, stoic, or rigid you just might be able to associate “concrete operations” with logical thought. This stage usually occurs about middle childhood, and other abilities such as “conservation” and “reversibility” come into play.
Question 5: A person who can speak two languages is considered…
d) none of the above
This could be one of the easiest questions to answer, simply by understanding what Bi- means. The rest is based on exclusion: just because your bilingual doesn’t mean a person is foreign, and although learning two languages can take some talent it still isn’t the exact or best answer.
Question 6: In what order to the following structures go, from beginning stages of conception to implantation?
a) blastocyst, zygote, morula, embryo, fetus
b) embryo, blastocyst, zygote, morula, fetus
c) zygote, morula, blastocyst, embryo, fetus
d) None of the above options are in the right order
Okay, human biology is overwhelming when words like “zygote” and “morula” are thrown at you. A zygote is a single-celled organism, and as cells divide and the egg implants on the uterine wall the name of the organism changes. Just remember that you don’t have to know everything about fetal development. However, you should probably study up on fertilization and egg development since it is the actual basis for human development.
Question 7: Kaitlyn is a student at Parker High School, a cashier at a local diner, a gymnast for a community team, and an aunt of 2 nephews. These would all be examples of…
This could be a tricky question to answer, but think about which answers are relevant to topics of human development. “Tasks”, “activities”, and “obligations” can be used just about anywhere and in any discipline. “Roles” comes up a lot, especially as children age and go through “role-playing” and role-taking”.
Question 8: What disorder is characterized by periods of euphoria followed by depression?
a) Autism spectrum disorder
b) Bipolar Disorder Type 1
c) Cyclothymic disorder
d) Attachment disorder
Remember that descriptions of disorders in the exam are going to coordinate with criteria in the DSM-5. The best suitable answer would be bipolar disorder Type 1 because the qualifying criteria includes periods of euphoria and periods of depression. YOU DON’T HAVE TO KNOW EVERY DISORDER! Don’t sit and memorize the DSM-5. Focus just on a high level understanding of childhood disorders, disorders that emerge during adolescent and young adult years, and progressive disorders in older adults (for instance dementia).
Question 9: The process by which a person or people explain behavior and events in the way in which they do is called:
a) emotional regulation
b) social development theory
Again, we have a flashcard memory answer. This refers to attribution theory, which includes fascinating assumptions about how people can attempt to understand the behavior of others. It is essential for healthy social interaction because reciprocal communication is all about anticipating and guessing how or why another person reacts in such a way.
Question 10: Which of the following tests have been frequently used to measure intelligence?
We’re pulling out those flashcards again, but at least the title of the tests give away the answers. The Stanford Binet and Weschler are two of the oldest intelligence tests out there that are still being used today. Both are considered Intelligence Quotient (IQ) tests. The Mini Mental State Exam is actually a simple test used to gather immediate information about how alert and oriented an individual is.
More CLEP Study Resources
Looking for a study guide to fill a couple gaps, or just want a full length practice exam? You can find a few of my favorite resources below. Note that some of the links are affiliate – meaning I’ll make a few dollars if you purchase, but I’m only sharing those resources that were genuinely helpful during my own CLEP journey.
Official CLEP Study Guide: It’s quite short on the study side of things, but this is the go-to practice test bank. I don’t think I’ve done a single CLEP test without taking the practice test in this book first.
REA CLEP Human Growth and Development: I’m not huge on reading, but this book series is fantastic if you’re into that kind of thing. It also includes some nifty online practice tests, though I always found the official practice tests (above) more reassuring.
InstantCert Academy: The website looks like it was made before the internet, but it’s legitimately the single most useful study guide I’ve found. Basically it’s a series of flashcards that help you learn about Human Growth in a fast paced and fun way.
Plenty of other resources exist – just do a quick internet search – but these are the three that I’ve personally found the most helpful back when I did CLEP.